As most are sitting anxiously in wait for Trayvon Martin’s final toxicology report, I’ve had time to do a bit of research into the medications that GEORGE ZIMMERMAN admitted to having been prescribed from various documents released.
GEORGE ZIMMERMAN admitted to having been diagnosed as a child with ADHD when interviewed by homicide detective Chris Serino. He admitted taking Adderall for this condition. Adderal is also listed in his recently released medical report dated February 27, 2012.
*See Released Medical Report dated February 27, 2012 – for complete report in Sources.
Although the copy is of poor quality, it shows Zimmerman on 2/13/2012 was given a written prescription for 60 Adderall – 20 mg tablets, to be taken by mouth, 1 tablet twice a day.
List of medications from George Zimmerman’s medical report:
Date !Drug & Dosage Qty ISIG Refill Note
02127/2012 Iodine 400 mg tablet 60 1 tablet PO BID Oprn pain
02i13/2012 ladderall 20 mg tablet 60 1 1ablet PO BID OWritten Rx Given
P1123t2012 ,emazepam 30 mg capsule 90 1 capsule (hard, soft, 0
P1123/2012 ~m eprazole dr 40 mg 30 1 capsule,delayed release 3?RN
!Capsule lienteric coated) PO Daily
12/29/2011 ~lbrax 90 1 capsule (hard, soft, 3
leto.) PO TID
Act Iv e M e dlc at ons- P re-E x I s tl ng:
Drug & Dosage $tG
pvs alucosamine chondroitin tb 1 tablet PO Daily
multiple vitamin tablet 1 tablet PO Daily
omeprazole dr 40 m g capsule 1 capsute,delaved release (enteric coated) PO DaUv
emazepam 30 mg capsule 1 capsule (hard, soft, etc.) PO HS
*On page 181, in the Discovery documents, GEORGE ZIMMERMAN reported to EMT /Paramedic Michael Brandy that he’s prescribed Librax and Tamazepam (sp)
What is Librax?
(chlordiazepoxide HCI clidinium bromide) Capsules
Librax is prescribed to control emotional and somatic factors in gastrointestinal disorders.
Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride is a versatile, therapeutic agent of proven value for the relief of anxiety and tension. It is indicated when anxiety, tension or apprehension are significant components of the clinical profile. It is among the safer of the effective psychopharmacologic compounds.
What is Temazepam?
Restoril™ (temazepam) is indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia (generally 7 to 10 days).
For patients with short-term insomnia, instructions in the prescription should indicate that Restoril™ (temazepam) should be used for short periods of time (7 to 10 days).
The clinical trials performed in support of efficacy were 2 weeks in duration with the final formal assessment of sleep latency performed at the end of treatment.
What are the precautions when taking temazepam (Restoril)?
Before taking temazepam, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other benzodiazepines (e.g., lorazepam, diazepam); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Note* Librax and Restoril are both benzodiazepine family. According to GEORGE ZIMMERMAN’s medical report, he takes Librax 3 times a day and Restoril once at bedtime. Lodine 400 mg, is a non-steroidal Nsaid and doesn’t apply to my article because it was newly prescribe the day of his doctor visit February 27.
What is Adderall?
Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
Adderall is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Adderall may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
According to Wikipedia, Adderall is a Schedule II drug
Like other stimulant drugs, such as methamphetamine and cocaine, Adderall directly affects the mesolimbic reward pathway in the brain. Amphetamine salts preparations are considered to have high abuse potential, and it is classified as Schedule II by the US DEA. With the Safe Streets and Communities Act in Canada, Adderall has been reclassified from Schedule III to Schedule I
US DEA Schedule II Controlled Substances
Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
Examples of single entity schedule II narcotics include morphine and opium. Other schedule II narcotic substances and their common name brand products include: hydromorphone (Dilaudid®), methadone (Dolophine®), meperidine (Demerol®), oxycodone (OxyContin®), and fentanyl (Sublimaze® or Duragesic®).
Examples of schedule II stimulants include: amphetamine (Dexedrine®, Adderall®), methamphetamine (Desoxyn®), and methylphenidate (Ritalin®). Other schedule II substances include: cocaine, amobarbital, glutethimide, and pentobarbital.
Considering the fact that Adderall is indicated for the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy which seems to be the case for George Zimmerman, I don’t believe he’s being improperly prescribed these three medications but there’s always a chance for abuse which remains to be seen.
After having listened to his call to non-emergency 911 several times, I can hear a definite slur in his speech pattern as he speaks to the dispatcher as compared to the sound of his voice in other recordings. There’s also a muffled sound which could indicate he was impaired in some way.
From the list of medications, any two of these could account for his droll, almost zombie-like reaction to what was taking place at the time of the 911 call. As an example, during the time when it’s believed the suspicious person is within one car length from his person and circling his vehicle, it seems he isn’t able to comprehend imminent danger. Surprisingly he doesn’t mention this to the dispatcher either which is why I’m questioning his mental state. Was he impaired?
Unfortunately for him and for the jurors, they will never know because GEORGE ZIMMERMAN refused to be taken to the hospital on the night of the shooting, even though it was reported he was bleeding profusely from several abrasions and visibly, a 1-1.5 inch cut on the back of his head from allegedly being pounded on the pavement by Trayvon Martin.
Had GEORGE ZIMMERMAN agreed to go to the hospital for his injuries, its possible this could have strengthened and supported his case but at the same time, there’s a strong possibility an astute ER nurse would have suggested a blood test considering this could surely become a life or death criminal matter.
A toxicology report would indicate levels of his prescribed medications and alcohol level if he had done any social drinking that day.
Or perhaps GEORGE ZIMMERMAN’s knowledge of criminal law persuaded him to refuse medical treatment. That’s also a possibility.
As I’m trying so desperately to understand GEORGE ZIMMERMAN’s actions and lack of common sense on the night of February 26, 2012, I began to wonder how did a simple phone call to report a suspicious person to non-emergency 911go from normal behavior to impulsive and irrational actions.
For an educated person, 28 years of age, to jump out of his vehicle on an impulse in order to follow a person whom he had just described to the 911 dispatcher as possibly being high on drugs and possibly carrying a weapon in his waistband, goes beyond my realm of reason. I thought it might be helpful to learn a bit more about his mental disorder, ADHD.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
What is ADHD?
In short, as defined by WebMD.com, Children with ADHD, which is when GEORGE ZIMMERMAN was diagnosed, generally have problems paying attention or concentrating. They can’t seem to follow directions and are easily bored or frustrated with tasks. They also tend to move constantly and are impulsive, not stopping to think before they act. These behaviors are generally common in children. But they occur more often than usual and are more severe in a child with ADHD.
The behaviors that are common with ADHD interfere with a child’s ability to function at school and at home.
Adults with ADHD may have difficulty with time management, organizational skills, goal setting, and employment. They may also have problems with relationships, self-esteem, and addictions.
Applying just these 2 paragraphs defines the person I perceive as GEORGE ZIMMERMAN, the shooter of Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old teen who happened to visit his father and his fiancé’ at the Retreat at Twin Lakes condominiums. Trayvon was stranger to this area, during a time when George Zimmerman was crowned Neighborhood Watch Captain. Being hero of the townhomes George had a lot on his plate which may have been overwhelming for a person with ADHD. Add a stimulant such as Adderall to the chaos and confusion of that night to George’s false sense of confidence, it all superseded good common sense. Since defense attorney Mark O’Mara seems to be on a fishing expedition perhaps he’ll consider using ADHD and the medication factor as a defense?
just my opinion
HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY!!
Zimmerman medical report
Canadian Schedule I Drugs
US DEA Schedule II Drugs